An incarnation of an abstract task and runnable on a [resource]. A Broker is an entity that arranges or negotiates future resource usage. [To do: what is the brokers relationship to the scheduler?] "A protocol is a convention or standard that controls or enables the connection, communication and data transfer between two computing endpoints" [Wikipedia]. >From RFC 1983: "A formal description of message formats and the rules two computers must follow to exchange those messages." A Protocol must have at least one message. 1 Request-response type protocol, where for every message sent a message is returned. [From CRC cards] Broker selection implementation. The means of access to a Unicore administrative domain, or Usite. (Also the access control point to the Unicore Usite). [From CRC cards] Configuration data for Broker_Policy. "An ExecuteTask represents something that will be incarnated to execute a file." (from org.unicore.ajo.ExecuteTask). An agreement is a binding arrangement between two parties as a course of action to be taken. >From OGSA Glossary: "An agreement defines a dynamically-established and dynamically- managed relationship between parties. The object of the relationship is the delivery of a service by one of the parties within the context of the agreement." `Permanent storage on the execution system' or `unix file space'. An agreed QoS is an agreed service level agreement (SLA) for a job running on a particular resource set. Synonym of SLA. Grid Resource Registration Protocol (GRRP) Entities (files, messages, etc.) that exist before an activity is run. I.e. are inputs into an Activity. Base concept of all resources. [To do: name/address and shared/sharable (concurrent access) properties] Storage in the resource/provider layer. Storage at the client layer. `Each job runs in a dedicated file space on the execution system called the Uspace. The Uspace only exists during the execution of the job'. A conversational protocol has exactly two participants. Anything that authenticates a Credential is an Authentication Point. The transient working space on a target resource that a job runs in. [How is this different to the Information Service concept?] A Role contained in a Unicore UUDB In a Streaming Protocol, participants exchange byte streams or character streams rather than messages. A Streaming Protocol must be initiated through a message exchange. Also known as TLS. The fact of being who or what a person or thing is. >From OGSA Glossary: "An attribute, such as a name, that allows one entity to be distinguished from all others." The Grid Resource Inquiry Protocol (GRIP). A Globus information enquiry protocol. Storage that is persisted beyond the lifetime of a job. A service to log events and actions of other services. Also known as "Requester federation", "User VO", or "Consumer Federation" The Incarnation of an Execute Task. A quality of service (QoS) alway has a ticket (a reference for resource related transactions) assiciated with it. A collection of zero, one or more files. Also known as a "Provider VO". "A network area that sits between an organizations internal network and external network, usually the Internet" [Wikipedia]. A Virtual Organization is a logical entity that can span administrative domains. A container for zero, one or more services (e.g. tomcat, geronimo, apache, etc). A control action is an action carried out on another action. A generic concept for anything that contains zero, one or more instances. A Unicore administrative domain. Mirror of FIle_Output A role is a logical, possibly arbitary, set of entities that allows those belonging to it to carry out some function in a particular situation. The Unicore network job supervisor (NJS) translates abstract job objects to a concrete sequence of commands and operations suitable for the selected execution platform (i.e. TSI). From RFC2828: "A [gateway is a] relay mechanism that attaches to two (or more) computer networks that have similar functions but dissimilar implementations and that enables host computers on one network to communicate with hosts on the other; an intermediate system that is the interface between two computer networks". (Previously named Gateway). A users login on a physical system. "FileTransfers move files to and from Uspaces." (from org.unicore.ajo.FileTransfer). Can cross administrative boundaries. A container for zero, one or more resources. The UNICORE Protocol layer (UPL) runs over the SSL protocol and allows the sending and receiving of AJOs and attached files between a client and a gateway. It is both a Conversational Protocol and Streaming Protocol "Resource Properties help determine the state of a resource" [OGSI to WSRF]. [How does WS-Transfer effect this definition?] The UNICORE User Database. Contains a set of UNICORE roles with thier members. A trusted-third-party "is an entity which facilitates interactions between two parties who both trust the third party" [Wikipedia] From OGSA Glossary: "A software component participating in a service-oriented architecture that provides functionality and/or participates in realizing one or more capabilities." Or, something that accepts messages (it does not have to do anything with them). This is a WS-RF type service as it can have multiple Resources associated with it. A client run from the command line. Authorisation is the act of checking the access policy associated with the credential. A collection of files that will be in the working space of an Unicore Job when it is executed. "An ActionGroup is an ordered collection of Actions.' (from org.unicore.ajo.ActionGroup)." Contains zero, one or more tasks. An entities condition or status. A type of requester VO specific to a UNICORE project. `The values that the status of a Job can take.' `The values that the status of an Action can take.' [Included because it was on the CRC cards] >From OGSA Glossary: "Statements, rules or assertions that specify the correct or expected behavior of an entity." Messages are things that are exchanged between participants in a protocol. Any particular message is immutable. Once it has been sent, it can't be changed. Messages have a definite size. A message must have a sender. But may have no recipients. 1 [What the QoS actually was for a resource set??] The manifestation of a task to be carried out by an execution subsystem. [is this a resource? i.e. member of an administrative domain?] The Globus GRid Information Service (GRIS). 'Supplies information about a specific resource'. [From 'Analysis of the Globus Toolkit Grid Information Service']. Registered with by GRRP. Queried with GRIP. The aim or purpose of a VO. A lightweight layer interfacing with the underlying local resource management system. Previously known as TSI (Target System Interface). A Vsite is a collection of resources where an abstract job can be accepted (but not always incarnated or run). The Globus Grid Index Information Service Protocol. 'An aggregate directory of of information from multiple GRIS services that belong to the same or multiple VO's' [From 'Analysis of the Globus Toolkit Grid Information Service']. Registration with this service is carried out by services over the GRRP protocol. Querying of this service (by consumers) is carried out over the GRIP protocol. An advertised QoS is estimated information from the Vsite that includes an expected start time, end time and associated cost for running the Task. It also includes a ticket which should be included in the QoSCheck sent with the Task. Synonym Estimate. (from org.unicore.outcome.Estimate). A ticket serves as a reference for resource related transactions, such as queries for available resources and the booking of resources. (From org.unicore.ajo.Ticket). [Consider renaming to Token?] Also known as "Requester". Could be another resource or service A topic is a published, read-only information stream. Authentication is the act of verifying the credential presented. Establishes the identity of an entity. >From RFC 2828: "Data that is transferred or presented to establish either a claimed identity or the authorizations of a system entity". A job preparation, submission, monitoring and control agent. [To be added: Job submission, monitoring and control properties]. [Also need to capture that Brokers, Schedulers and the UNICORE NJS act as a client when submitting jobs on behalf of a client]. A service level agreement (SLA) is an agreed quality of service (QoS) for a job running on a particular Resource_Set. Synonym of Agreed_Qos. An administrative domain offering compute resources. A user database that explicitly supprts roles. An outcome in the form of a file. Tasks are an abstract representation of atomic units of work that may, or may not, have dependancies on other tasks. The incarnation of a File Container. The Globus method of mapping indenties to Xlogins. An Abstract Job Object (AJO) describes, in abstract form, an action carried out on a computational Grid. A Client with a GUI. `Permanent storage on the local computer the client is running on'. A standard format PKI certificate "binding a public key to a particular Distinguished Name ..., or to an Alternative Name such as an e-mail address or a DNS-entry" [Wikipedia]. On the Grid this is used to establish the identities of entities (both people and resources). An Incarnation is the concrete manifestation of an abstraction. [Do we include execution as part of the incarnation process?] "A firewall is a peice of hardware or software which functions in a networked environment to prevent some communications forbidden by the security policy" [Wikipedia]. An offer is a quote for running a task/job on a particular Resource_Set A trusted third-party that issues digitial certificates. A CA will issue a public key certificate which states that the CA attests that the public key contained in the certificate belongs to the organization, server or other entity described in the certificate. "A Credential Issuer provides a third party for authenticating or acknowledging signatures on documents, atesting to the identity of a key's owner." [Wikipedia] "The Monitoring and Discovery System (MDS) is the information services component of the Globus Toolkit and provides information about the available resources on the Grid and their status." (From http://www.globus.org/toolkit/mds/). A generic concept for anything that contains zero, one or more instances of the same type. "Actions are the superclass of all the the types of action supported: job execution, data movement, control, flow control etc." (from org.unicore.ajo.AbstractAction). An action has a corresponding outcome. [To do: What is the relationship between a user database and the authorisation point?] The incarnation point translates abstract job objects to a concrete sequence of commands and operations suitable for the selected execution platform. A collection of one or more resources. 'An Outcome contains the results of executing an Activity'. (from org.unicore.outcome.Outcome). This is the outcome of an activity as this is the incarnated action. Act of checking the authenticated credential against the policy associated with the resource. Carried out by an Authorisation Point. An Agreement to use a Service. A service that provides information. The Globus gatekeeper authentiates a A protocol is made up of one, or more, messages. An authentication point authenticates credentials presented to it. When incarnation is asked for by an identity, the indentity is incarnated to the XLogin. The value of the Xlogin determines if the incarnation is allowed, i.e. it is dependant on whether the UUBDB authorises it. An authorisation point authorises credentials presented to it. [Is this a functional property?] A protocol has one, or more, messages. true